Water is a very important element that’s required for life to be sustained. In fact, literally talking, water is life. Compromising averagely between 55-78% of the human body, this important component plays crucial roles like removal of damaging compounds from the body as well as transport of nutriments to each body cell. Besides, water is the key element of major body fluids like blood and digestion juices. The bigger percentage of body water is contained within cells while the rest is present in the extracellular space and within veins.
The body constantly loses water as it goes about its routine functions through processes like pissing, sweating and respiring. This explains why every one of us wants to take in a good amount of water on a day-to-day basis so as to restore the body’s water stores. When the quantity of water being eliminated by the body as it carries out numerous metabolic functions surpasses the amount taken in, then dehydration results. Dehydration can either be acute or lingering and can lead to serious health issues.
Acute dehydration is the kind that happens inside short durations of time, such as when one has illnesses concerning puking and diarrhea or when one is concerned in a certain sport or intense exercise. Prolonged dehydration on the other hand happens in time when one neglects to replace small amounts of water day to day. When sufficient amount of water isn’t provided to meet the requirements of the body, then the body is forced to ration the tiny quantity of that can be found to use on the more critical functions while the lesser functions are ignored.
As water is lost from the body, electrolytes contained in the various body liquids are lost also. This creates a water-electrolyte imbalance which causes a large amount of risks particularly to babies who have a bigger turnover for water and electrolytes. Mild dehydration is usually characterized by fatigue, headache, muscle weakness and rigidity, giddiness and poor concentration. These symptoms are particularly common in those concerned in sports like athletics and soccer, and can adversely impact their performance.
Chronic dehydration ends up in more serious health problems like kidney failure, shock, coma, high blood pressure asthma and allergies. Disparities in body electrolytes like sodium, potassium and chloride may lead to heart rhythm disturbances and seizures. Digestive anomalies like acidic burn, gastritis and ulcers will also occur due to inadequate amount of water to supply digestion acids.
Dehydration also causes an acid-alkaline imbalance which compromises the ability of the body to lose acid wastes. Lingering dehydration could also cause skin disorders like skin wrinkles and dermatitis. This is because the skin disposes of damaging compounds from the body and dehydration hurts this actual function making the skin vulnerable to these afflictions.
Most folks having these conditions do not actually notice that they result from dehydration. The cure to all these conditions is simply taking in adequate amounts of water to meet the body needs. This may vary from individual to another dependent on factors like age and body size.